How Cryo Works.
Modern applications began during the 1970s in Japan, where cryotherapy treatments were used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. As the technology expanded, it has become an active, holistic approach to treat conditions such as:
- reducing inflammation
- post-intensive athletic training
- stress relief and depression
- post-surgical recovery
- weight loss
- reduction in cellulite, and more
Since then, several clinical studies have been conducted in Europe, which inspired the whole body cryotherapy units in use today. Impact Whole Body Cryotherapy Units give competitive athletes an edge by enhancing preparation and reducing recovery time so they can train harder and maximize performance.
Is Cryo For You?
The user stands on adjustable platform inside the octagonal-shaped chamber during treatment which ensures their head remains outside the chamber. A technician fills the Impact Cryotherapy chamber with nitrogen vapor, Which drops the temperature of the chamber to a range of (minus) -100C to -150C and temporarily lowers the temperature of the skin's top layer.
The treatment lasts a maximum of three minutes. During the process, the skin sends signals to the brain, which stimulates physical reactions and activates naturally occurring healing resources. Once out of the chamber, the body immediately reheats.
Utilized worldwide since 1979 to enhance recovery for elite athletes, whole body cryotherapy has proven to be a valuable adjunct for speeding muscle recovery and producing a general feeling of well-being. Many professional sports organizations across the globe have incorporated whole body cryotherapy into their training routines.
Why Cryo Is Better Than Ice Baths?
Ice Baths have been used regularly in professional and amateur sports for the rehabilitation of athletic injuries. The Ice Bath affects the body in a completely different way than does Whole Body Cryotherapy. The Cryosauna has been shown to be more beneficial, more convenient and has no negative side effects. So what are the differences between the Ice Bath and the Whole Body Cryotherapy?
The ice bath process involves immersing the body in cold water of about 45°F to 60°F for fifteen to twenty minutes. The body’s response is to warm blood in the core and send it to the peripherals. This is the body’s attempt to maintain normal skin and tissue temperature, and to combat the cold water environment. This response continues as long as the body has the energy to heat the blood and avoid hyperthermia. When the body can no longer heat enough blood, the cold begins to penetrate the tissues and muscles, and also cools the blood.
So while in an ice bath, the body is struggling with unrelenting, penetrating, physical cold. When the body can no longer heat enough blood, the muscles and tissues start to congeal and freeze, beginning at the skin’s surface and continuing to the core. The results are stiff muscles and tendons, and difficulty getting warm again. The danger of ice baths is that if the body is allowed to cool too much, hyperthermia can set it. In addition to being very uncomfortable and potentially dangerous, ice baths interrupt the supply of oxygen to the skin’s surface which can promote skin diseases.
Whole Body Cryotherapy places the body in extremely cold air ranging from ‐220°F to ‐280°F for two to three minutes. The skin is rapidly cooled down to about 32°F to 35°F. The experience is comfortable since the delivery of the extreme cold is completely dry. Reading signals from skin receptors, the brain realizes that it cannot fight this extreme cold and takes very unique actions. Rather than send warmed blood to the peripherals and skin, the body undergoes severe vasoconstriction of blood vessels and capillaries in order to keep the body’s core temperature at 98.6°F. Blood is shunted away from the peripherals and into an internal cycle to protect vital organs. This process triggers the enrichment (with hormones, enzymes, oxygen) of blood and circulation to the internal organs under higher blood pressure. In addition, the temperature of the blood may rise between 2°F to 6°F which can kill viruses.
When the cryotherapy session is completed, the body undergoes rapid vasodilation as the higher internal blood pressure drives the enriched blood back to the peripherals. The body has also released endorphins into the blood, providing a euphoric feeling and mood improvement. Since cryotherapy does not freeze tissue and muscles, the body can immediately return to exercise. This is especially helpful if a training schedule requires more than one workout session per day. With ice baths, muscles and tissues need rest and recovery time in order to return to normal activity.